Estimated malaria cases, Senegal, 2005-2017
Senegal has one of the lowest malaria incidence rates in West Africa, and it is one of the only countries in the region where this rate continues to fall.
Senegal’s substantial and sustained progress against malaria is an inspiring public health success story, and a source of potential lessons for other countries on the path to elimination. This website, launched to accompany the release of the new report, "Senegal: charting a path to malaria elimination", tells Senegal’s story. It looks at three major success factors in Senegal’s drive toward elimination—1) outstanding leadership and partner engagement, 2) the achievement and maintenance of high intervention coverage levels, and 3) a thriving data culture—and it explores several exciting new opportunities to consolidate and expand upon Senegal’s two decades of impact.
The Success Factors
Outstanding leadership and partner engagement have sustained Senegal’s nationwide efforts against malaria. Strong political commitment to malaria control and elimination at the national level is combined with an innovative and technically capable national malaria control program (NMCP). The national malaria program has been able to leverage private-sector partnerships and donor support from both traditional and new financing sources. Community engagement and ownership form the foundation for these efforts, creating momentum and fostering a sense of accomplishment in villages, towns, and cities around the country.
High Intervention Coverage
The scale-up of proven interventions—including long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs), targeted indoor residual spraying (IRS), and improved case management using rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) and artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT)—is largely what has enabled Senegal to achieve remarkable progress.
A Thriving Data Culture
As with all successful disease elimination programs, high-quality data reporting and surveillance systems are critical to Senegal's malaria elimination efforts. Senegal has built a strong data culture through integration and use of data at all levels of the health system, and has committed to building a sustainable and vibrant community of data experts. Through studies, national surveys, and rapid routine case reporting, the NMCP is able to assess the efficacy of interventions and derive insights that will inform future malaria reduction strategies.
The Way Forward
Thanks to the efforts of the NMCP and its partners, Senegal has made great strides in reducing the malaria burden and charting a path to elimination. Across more and more of the country, the benefits of elimination are increasingly within reach. Senegal can now look to several promising new opportunities to accelerate its trailblazing campaign to end malaria. Notably, there are opportunities to accelerate progress in the southern part of the country, to expand a regional elimination platform for all of West Africa, and to leverage new sources of innovative financing. Senegal’s assets—its strong leadership and program engagement, data-informed decision-making, and successful partnership model—will be crucial to these efforts.